Veda Herbal Health



Ayurveda

Ayurveda is the science of the Life evolved in ancient India. All living beings have the basic instinct to protect themselves from threats to health and life. Man as the advanced living being modified the basic instinct to techniques along with his social evolution and cultural developments. Ancient Indian analysed the universe and its components in the light of five elements (Pancha Bhootha) theory. Life and health were also scanned under this and the great masters derived the principals of the three components (Thri Doshas) as the functional base of life. Ayurveda is a comprehensive life science with preventive as well as curative treatments and moral preaching to ensure healthy personal and social life.

The objective of Ayurveda are mainly two, the first being the maintenance of positive health and the other treatment of diseases. These clearly defined objectives are achieved through logically developed means in a classical way. On the basis of objectives defined, Ayurveda can be classified into two parts.

  1. Doctrines for positive health ( Swasthavrutha)

  2. Ayurveda defines health as the balanced functioning of the structural and functional components, digestive power and excretory process, clear functioning of sensory and motor organs, mind and soul.

    The philosophy of Ayurveda to keep up positive health of individual and society is based on right conduct ( Dharma). Ayurveda teaches the systematic daily routine (Dina charya) and modifications for seasonal changes (Rithu charya). Ayurveda emphasises the need of hygiene to ensure positive health in personal, social and civic level.

    Role of mind to keep up positive health had well studied and stern mental disciplines and moral values as advised in Ayurveda.

    Beyond all routine and seasonal precautions, mental discipline and ethical concerns, living body is facing two inevitable challenges to positive health – ageing and environmental pollution. Accumulation of metabolic wastes in cellular level is identified as the reason of bodily changes and ill health of ageing. Ayurveda identified this factor and suggested preventive treatment procedures for periodic elimination of metabolic wastes from cellular level and re-vitalisation of tissues to ensure positive health.

    Need for natural immunity to resist diseases are also well described to maintain positive health. Ayurveda introduced the term Vyadhi kshamathwa as synonym to immunity ;( Vyadhi= Disease and kshamathwa = resistance). Developing immunity and observing hygiene could resist the challenges of environmental pollution.

  3. Regimen to cure diseases (Atura vrutha)

  4. Regimen to cure diseases (Athura vrutha) deals with the curative and palliative measures for the medical and emotional care of the patient. It includes definition and study of the disease and line of treatment consisting of drugs, treatment procedure, diet and life style modifications.

    Ayurveda defines disease as the imbalance of basic functional components (Tridoshas). Improper functioning of time, sense and activities are the causes of disease and it is grouped into physical and psychic. The therapeutic approach is focussed not only on disease but considering the specifications of patient and administered in a holistic way. Ayurvedic treatments are of two characteristics- Palliative (Samanam) and elimination of infected components (Shodhanam) or purification therapies. Five major processes for elimination of infected components (Panchakarma) and supporting Kerala’s special treatments belonging to the purification treatments.

    All major treatments have three phases- Pre-treatment procedures, Main procedures and Post treatment regimen.

    Since diseases are of imbalance in the functional components (Tridoshas) the ultimate five basic components (Pancha Bhootha) also might be deranged. Proper analysis of patient and diseases should be done on the extent of the derangements happened in basic components. According to Ayurveda, treatment is the uprooting of causative factors (Nidana). After purifying the body, deranged components are corrected with drugs which are also having five elements (Pancha Bhootha) structure.

    In palliative care, medicines are administered without or after the purification treatments. It is applied in minor ailments and weak patients. Proper control of diet and behavioural habits is and essential factor for achieving perfect cure through both the treatment styles.

Eight Divisions of Treatments

In this current era of super specialities, it will be interesting to get introduced to the classification of diseases in India in the ancient time. Ayurveda grouped diseases and treatments into eight categories as follows:
  1. Kaya Chikilsa General Medicine
  2. Bala Chikilsa Women and Children Diseases
  3. Graha Chikilsa Psychiarty
  4. Urdwanga Chikilsa Diseases above neck
  5. Salya Chikilsa Surgery
  6. Dhamshtra Chikilsa Toxicology
  7. Jara Chikilsa Geriatrics
  8. Vrusha Chikilsa Aphrodisiac


Important Treatment Procedures

Various treatments including surgical procedures are well described in Ayurvedic classics. In Kerala most of these treatments are well practised to cure diseases of modern times. Paralysis , rheumatism, arthritis, back pain, spondylosis, psoriasis, allergy, asthma, obesity and metabolic disorders , stress related diseases are well managed by the judicious application of these treatments.

Purification Treatments (Panchakarma):

These are the five classical treatments to eliminate infected components form the body.

  1. Vasthy ( Per rectal application of medicine)
    1. Kashaya Vasthi ( Per rectal application of medicated decoction)
    2. Sneha Vasthi ( Per rectal application of medicated oil)
  2. Vamanam ( Emetics)
  3. Virechanam (Purgation)
  4. Nasyam ( Application of medicine through nostril)
  5. Rakthamoksham(Bloodletting)


Kerala Special Treatments:

  • Pizhichil

  • It is done by the continuous streaming of comfortably warm medicated oil form specific height for desired duration. The patient is made to lie on a specially designed wooden plank (Droni)

    Tow Masseurs from both sides of the patient do this procedure. They squeeze linen dipped in oil all over the patient’s body with simultaneous gentle massage with other hand. This is done only on body below the neck. Duration depends upon the condition of the patient, varying from seven to twenty one days on a daily basis of forty five to sixty minutes.

  • Siro Dhara

  • Dhara means continuous flow. In this treatment patient has to lie on the Droni. The prescribed liquid medicine is gently poured on his forehead form a prescribed height through a specially devised apparatus called Dhara Pathram for a period of one to one and a half hours. Dhara shall be administered on the whole body in special cases.

    Siro Dhara is effective in stress related disorders, sleeplessness and many degenerative brain disorders. Medicated oils, milk, buttermilk, tender coconut water and decoctions of herb extrats are some of the fluids used in this treatment for different diseases.

  • Navarakizhi

  • Navarakizhi is a special massage with rejuvenation effect. Patient’s body is massaged with small linen bags filled with cooked medicinal rice (Navara), followed by gentle oil massage. The medicinal rice (Navara) is cooked by boiling in cow’s milk and suitable decoction. The bags are then dipped in the same mixture in gentle flame and applied over the whole body in a comfortable temperature. It is very effective in degenerative muscle diseases like poliomyelitis, muscular atrophy etc. it is mor effective when done immediately after Pizhichil treatment. The course of treatment can last form seven to twenty one days.

  • Sirovasthi

  • This is a special treatment by keeping prescribed medicated oil at a bearable temperature in a leather cap fitted around the head. The oil is filled in the cap up to the leavel of one dinger above the crown of the head. The duration of treatment is between one to one and a half hours. Sirovasthi is an important treatment found very effective in trigeminal neuralgia, hemicranias, optic atrophy, otalgia, deafness, facial paralysis and in all diseases affecting cranial nerves.

    Generally the course of treatment is only seven days at a stretch.

  • Dhanyamal dhara
  • Kheera dhooma
  • Talapotichil
  • Akshi tharpana
  • Udwarthana